TALLAHASSEE -- As governor-elect Rick Scott and the Florida Legislature consider giving doctors immunity against lawsuits in return for treating Medicaid patients, a new report warns that such an arrangement could cost taxpayers at least $69 million a year.
State Chief Financial Officer Alex Sink, who lost to Scott in November, commissioned the actuarial report last month after lawmakers indicated they are considering extending the state cap on legal liability, known as sovereign immunity, to Medicaid providers.
The report concludes that if legislators give state immunity to doctors and hospitals, "the state basically takes the place of a doctor who commits a negligent act." When a patient sues, taxpayers would pick up the tab of any medical malpractice claim up to $300,000. The cost of defending and investigating an estimated 551 claims a year would cost Florida $69 million a year, the report claims.
Florida legislators passed a resolution in November indicating that, during the 2011 regular session, they will enact reforms that "establish a more fair and predictable civil justice system and reduce the disincentive for serving Medicaid participants." Translation: offer doctors immunity against lawsuits in return for accepting lower payments for treating Florida's growing Medicaid population.
Sink's report may be a parting shot at the Republican-controlled Legislature as she prepares to leave office on Jan. 4. But it is likely to be only the first of the salvos fired in the emerging battle over Medicaid reform during the upcoming legislative session. Sink's campaign was heavily backed by state trial lawyers, while Scott won the support of the liability-averse Florida Chamber of Commerce and the Florida Medical Association.
Sink questions the assumption that doctors will be more willing to accept patients if they are shielded from malpractice claims. "No research has been done that supports that rationale," the report states, and notes that Florida would be the first state in the country to offer that protection.
But Alan Levine, who headed Scott's transition team overseeing Medicaid policy, is urging Scott to shield doctors from liability by capping the damages against them, not by giving them sovereign immunity that would cost tax dollars.
"She's got the right answer, but she's asking the wrong question," Levine said of Sink's report.
The report also raises questions about a policy of having a "two-tiered justice system for medical malpractice claims" by capping recovery for Medicaid patients but not for others.
"I agree that our state Medicaid program needs to be reformed," Sink wrote in a letter to House Speaker Dean Cannon and Senate President Mike Haridopolos accompanying the report. "However, I do not believe that extending sovereign immunity will convince many doctors to increase the number of Medicaid patients they treat, yet the change could be costly for Floridians."